このエントリーをはてなブックマークに追加
ID 16399
file
title alternative
Location of TNCs and Evolution of Industrial Districts as Global Cities : Potentiality of the World/Global City Studies on Southeast Asian Cities
creator
Kuwatsuka, Kentaro
NDC
General geography. Description and travel
abstract
Over the last two decades, accompanying the rapid development of transnational corporations (TNCs), globalization of economic activities has made a strong impact on cities not only in developed countries, but also in developing ones. The World/Global City studies have devoted themselves to evolving a comprehensive understanding of cities under globalization, mainly in developed countries, since the 1980s. This paper outlines some perspectives on cities in developed countries within the framework of World/Global City studies, and discusses the issues and significance of applying that framework to ""mega-cities"" in Southeast Asia. The studies are divided two domains according to their perspectives on relations between cities and TNCs, who are some of the main actors in globalization. On the one hand, the World City study primarily focuses on rating cities as world cities by the number of established headquarters and regional headquarters. This implies that a world city is a base point for controlling and coordinating the New International Division of Labor (NIDL), which was initially mapped by Hymer. On the other hand, the Global City study, which is represented by Sassen, considers the ""production"" process of specialized services consequent upon interactions between firms and the agglomeration of producers in the service industry. It means that a global city is not a base point but a geographical place, such as an industrial district. Perspectives of the global city are conscious of linkages among firms within a city and the dynamics that affect the position of networks of industrial districts and hierarchy of urban systems. In Southeast Asia, we have witnessed emerging cities where major TNCs have been concentrating since the latter half of 1980s. TNC-owned manufacturing plants have been appearing in industrial parks on the outskirts of cities, whereas their commercial arms have agglomerated at city centers where office towers are being, or have been, built. These TNC locations reflect on urban structures and
description
<特集>アジア工業化の新展開と大都市開発 : 南アジア研究者と東南アジア研究者の対話を目指して
journal title
Annual Report of Research Center for Regional Geography
issue
Issue 12
start page
63
end page
82
date of issued
2003-03
publisher
広島大学総合地誌研究資料センター
issn
0915-5449
ncid
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Hiroshima University Museum
他の一覧