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ID 46525
file
title alternative
Review of studies on teachers’ understanding of children’s behaviors and characteristics: With a focus on cognitive processes
creator
Ueyama, Rutsuko
subject
kindergarten and nursery school teachers
perspectives or perception
practical knowledge
cognitive processes
NDC
Education
abstract
Recently, researchers have begun to examine teachers’ perspectives on and understanding of the behaviors and characteristics of children. This paper reviews previous studies based on the following four topics. First, it examines the link between teachers’ perspectives and teachers’ behaviors, suggesting that teachers have common perspectives or frameworks and particular interaction styles depending on children’s behaviors and characteristics. Second, it examines teachers’ perspectives toward children’s behaviors and characteristics, identifying the importance of the external objective viewpoint, the internal empathetic viewpoint, and the background environment. Third, regarding reflection for improving teachers’ understanding of children, previous research suggests that it is important that teachersreflect on children analytically. To reflect on children analytically, teachers need to be particularly aware of the external objective viewpoint, the internal empathetic viewpoint, and the background environment. Fourth, regarding knowledge for understanding the behaviors and characteristics of children, more research is needed concerning the specific nature of knowledge and knowledge representation, particularly with reference to cognitive psychology research. Finally, the review suggests that it is necessary to clarify and visualize the cognitive processes involved in teachers’ understanding of children’s behaviors and characteristics.
journal title
The Annual of research on early childhood
volume
Volume 40
start page
61
end page
71
date of issued
2018-10-19
publisher
広島大学大学院教育学研究科附属幼年教育研究施設
issn
0388-3078
ncid
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
rights
Copyright (c) 2018 幼年教育研究年報編集委員会
department
Graduate School of Education
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