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ID 33682
file
title alternative
Effects of an aggressor's authority on preschoolers' judgments about aggressive behavior
creator
Etchu, Koji
subject
retributive justice
aggressive behavior
authority
reciprocity
preschoolers
NDC
Education
abstract
The present study examined the effects of an aggressor's authority on preschoolers' judgments about aggressive behavior. Preschoolers (28 boys, 37 girls ; average age 57 months; age ranging from 33 to 82 months) were presented with six picture stories in which the main character (authoritative character: teacher, unauthoritative character : child) showed either provocative, retaliative, or punitive aggressive behavior. Following each story, the children were asked to judge whether the aggressive behavior was right or wrong. The results were as follows: (1) Children in younger group (age ranging from 33 to 47 months) judged all types of aggression to be wrong ; however, those in middle (age ranging from 48 to 59 months) and older (age ranging from 60 to 82 months) groups allowed retaliative and punitive aggression but judged provocative aggression to be wrong. (2) Regardless of type, teachers' aggressions were more allowed than children's aggressions by every age. The results indicate that although judgments of the children in middle and older groups are based on the concepts of harm and justice, these judgments are affected by the aggressor's authority.
journal title
The Annual of research on early childhood
volume
Volume 33
start page
97
end page
103
date of issued
2011-12-01
publisher
広島大学大学院教育学研究科附属幼年教育研究施設
issn
0388-3078
ncid
SelfDOI
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
rights
Copyright (c) 2011 幼年教育研究年報編集委員会
department
Graduate School of Education
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