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ID 36558
file
title alternative
A Review of the Studies on Higher Education System and Management of Institution <Article> <Special Issue : Retrospect and Prospect of Higher Education Studies>
creator
NDC
Education
abstract
This paper reviews the research, written mostly in the Japanese language, which have been conducted since 2004 on higher education system and management of institutions. The studies in these areas can be categorized the macro and micro levels. The former deal with the system of higher education; types of establishing bodies of institutions; and system administration and its supervising while the latter ones deal with the management and governance of individual institutions and internal allocation of their resources. After examining the longitudinal trend of the college going rate and public expenditures on Japanese higher education from 1960 to the present, this paper explains that both the college going rate and public funding for higher education have simultaneously increased between 1960 and 1990, but over the last two decades public expenditures have not grown to support expansion of the college going population. This decrease in funding is why university reforms have been implemented to vitalize university education and research using less public resources. This paper especially reviews the studies on national university reform in 2004; governance and management of private universities; and quantitative growth and qualitative changes of local public universities. Finally it reviews research on foreign university reforms including European, American, Chinese and Taiwanese. It is important to consider the implications of these for Japanese university reform in the future.
journal title
Daigaku ronshu: Research in higher education
issue
Issue 46
start page
1
end page
15
date of issued
2014-09
publisher
広島大学高等教育研究開発センター
issn
0302-0142
ncid
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
rights
Copyright (c) 2014 Author
department
Research Institute for Higher Education
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