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ID 50723
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title alternative
A Study of Systematic Instruction on the Figurative Expression to the Hearing-Impaired School Children Through the Examination of Types and Frequencies Appeared in the Japanese Language Official Textbooks from First to Sixth Grade
creator
KANAZAWA, Chieri
subject
聴覚障害児童
比喩表現
国語科教科書
指導順序
比喩学習教材
Hearing-impaired school children
Figurative expressions
Japanese language textbooks
Order of instruction
Figuration learning material
abstract
聴覚障害児童生徒の日本語習得における困難な表現の1つに比喩表現がある。特に国語科教科書では様々な比喩表現が用いられており、その指導に向けた対応が必要である。本研究では、国語科教科書に出てくる多様な比喩表現を低学年段階から系統的に指導するための教材を作成することを視野に入れ、平成30(2018)年度版小学校国語科教科書(5社)1年から6年の「読み」単元を対象として、出現する比喩の種類と頻度について検討した。その結果、直喩が最も多く出現し、次いで慣用句、擬人法、隠喩となっていた。また、直喩では、知覚的比喩が概念的比喩の約2倍出現していた。この結果を元に、比喩の指導順序を設け、聴覚障害児童が低学年から学習できるための教材として、直喩、隠喩、擬人法の意味と用法について学習をするための低学年用、中学年用、高学年用のワークブック(試案)を作成し、特別支援学校(聴覚障害)教師からの改善意見を踏まえて、改訂版を作成した。
abstract
For many pupils with hearing-impairment have difficulties of understanding the meaning of figurations. Many types of figurative expressions reveal in the Japanese language official textbooks used in the elementary schools in Japan. Acquiring the reading skills for understanding those expressions in the textbooks, systematic instructions are needed for the hearing-impaired pupils. In this study, we summarized the frequencies of figurative expressions according to the four kinds of figurations (simile, metaphor, anthropomorphic method, and idiom) in the Japanese language official textbooks (2018version) from first to sixth grade of all five publishers. As results, most used figurative was simile, followed by idiom, anthropomorphic method, and metaphor. Also, figurative expressions were increased from lower to higher grade. Similes and metaphors included perceptual figurations and conceptual figurations, and both of them were used in the textbooks. According to those results, we created the learning materials for the lower (first and second), middle (third and fourth), and higher (fifth and sixth) grades, which were aimed to systematic learning of figurative expressions. The contents were arranged in the order of perceptual simile, idioms, conceptual similes, perceptual metaphors, conceptual metaphors, anthropomorphic method. Idioms were deleted because there were many types and were not able to include in the one book material. Three learning book materials were checked by three teachers in the special needs school for the Deaf, but the verification of the effectiveness is the future issue.
description
本研究の一部は、日本特殊教育学会第58回大会(2020福岡大会)において発表しました。本論文作成にあたり、その内容の一部を「日本特殊教育学会第58回大会論文集」より転載しました。転載にあたっては、一般社団法人日本特殊教育学会より転載のご承諾をいただきました。
journal title
The Bulletin of the Center for Special Needs Education Research and Practice, Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Hiroshima University
issue
Issue 19
start page
125
end page
133
date of issued
2021-03-01
publisher
広島大学大学院人間社会科学研究科附属特別支援教育実践センター
issn
2435-9378
ncid
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences
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