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ID 50716
file
title alternative
Disaster Mitigation Education at Special Needs Schools for Children with Intellectual Disabilities
creator
DOZONO, Emi
subject
知的障害のある児童
特別支援学校
防災教育
Children with intellectual disabilities
Schools for children with special needs
Disaster mitigation education
abstract
突然、起きる災害に対して、知的障害のある児童は弱者となりやすいことが考えられる。知的障害特別支援学校における防災教育は必要不可欠である。そこで、著者は、今年度から年間指導計画に防災教育を設定し、小学部から高等部までの系統性を考えながら、小学部6年生に対して実践を行い、その結果を分析することにより、知的障害のある児童に有効な防災教育の内容や特別支援学校に求められる防災教育の在り方について検討を行った。その結果、知的障害特別支援学校における防災教育には、「災害・防災に関する情報の理解」「危険回避行動の表出」「災害発生を想定した非日常への適応」の3つの柱により、知的障害の特性を踏まえつつ、継続的かつ体験的に実施すると効果的であることが明らかとなった。
abstract
It is necessary to provide disaster mitigation education at special needs schools, specifically for students with intellectual disabilities, because they are most likely to be vulnerable to sudden disasters. Therefore, in this school year, disaster mitigation education was introduced to sixth-grade students as a part of the annual curriculum plan in one special needs school by considering the characteristics of intellectual disabilities and the continuity from elementary to high school divisions. Based on the results of implementing the disaster mitigation education, the author analyzed its ideal methods and concrete contents for children with intellectual disabilities in special needs schools. As a result, it was effective to continuously and experientially implement disaster mitigation education based on the following three perspectives: “understanding information on disasters themselves and disaster mitigation,” “expression of danger avoidance behaviors,” and “adaptation to extraordinary situations assuming the occurrence of a disaster.”
journal title
The Bulletin of the Center for Special Needs Education Research and Practice, Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Hiroshima University
issue
Issue 19
start page
53
end page
60
date of issued
2021-03-01
publisher
広島大学大学院人間社会科学研究科附属特別支援教育実践センター
issn
2435-9378
ncid
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences
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