このエントリーをはてなブックマークに追加
ID 45478
file
title alternative
Research on Teacher’s Role in “Living Environment Study” Lesson Design and Its Practice: A Case Study of a Teacher’s Gatekeeping on the Unit “Village Explore”
creator
Kim, Jongsung
Kawahara, Kosuke
subject
生活科
授業デザイン・実施
まちたんけん
ゲートキーピング
ケース・スタディー
Living Environment Studies
Lesson Design and Practice
Village Explore
Gatekeeping
Case Study
NDC
Education
abstract
子どもの生活を学習対象とする生活科は,子どもや教材を中心に研究が進められ,授業をデザイン・実施する主体である教師の姿が隠されてしまう傾向にあった。そこで,本研究は,A教師が行った単元「まちたんけん」のデザイン・実施のナラティブを記述・分析し,生活科における教師の役割を考察するケース・スタディーを行う。具体的には,ゲートキーピング論から理論的フレームワークを抽出し,それをもとに学習指導案,授業参観のフィールドノート,ワークシート,事例児童とのインタビュー,教師とのインタビューを収集し分析した。本研究の成果として,①生活科「でも」教師のゲートキーピングが授業デザイン・実施において重要な位置を示すことを明らかにし,生活科における新たな研究領域の可能性を提案したこと,②生活科「ならでは」のゲートキーピングとして,「ゲートキーパー」「案内者」「交渉者」の3つの教師の役割を指摘したことが挙げられる。
abstract
In “Living Environment Study’s” research, there has been a tendency that a teacher is not recognized as a main agent to design and practice “Living Environment Study’s” lesson because of its characteristic that values students and students’lives, which is the main content of “Living Environment Study.” In this case study, we problematize this research trend, and try to clarify the teacher’s role in “Living Environment Study” lesson design and practice. With this purpose, the research focuses on a teacher, who designed and practiced a unit called “Village Explore,” and describes and analyzes the teacher’s gatekeeping narrative. Firstly, we extract a theoretical framework to analyze a teacher’s gatekeeping narrative by reviewing literature on gatekeeping theory. The data, which comprises a unit plan, field notes, students’worksheets, focus group interview with three sample students, and a semi-structure interview with a teacher, were collected, and analyzed by open and axis coding. There are two main findings and implications of this study. One is to suggest a new research field in “Living Environment Study” by illuminating the fact that the teacher played a role as a gatekeeper “even in” “Living Environment Study.” The other is to clarify a uniqueness of “Living Environment Study’s” gatekeeping, which a teacher played roles of a gatekeeper, a guide, and a negotiator.
journal title
Journal of elementary education and curriculum
issue
Issue 6
start page
41
end page
50
date of issued
2018-03-31
publisher
初等教育カリキュラム学会
issn
2187-6800
ncid
language
jpn
nii type
Journal Article
HU type
Journal Articles
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
rights
Copyright (c) 2018 初等教育カリキュラム学会
department
Graduate School of Education
他の一覧