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ID 36771
file
creator
Turner, David A.
subject
neuroscience
decision-making
holistic approaches
time-scales
NDC
Education
abstract
This paper starts from the notion that there are two approaches to the description of phenomena: a western, scientific approach which dichotomies, and a eastern, humanistic approach which is integrative and dialectical. In the western form, the highest form of logic depends on the law of the excluded middle, and opposing pairs of concepts are created: mind/brain, spirit/body and so on. In contrast with that, eastern logic emphasizes the unity of opposites and balance in a holistic worldview.

The paper then goes on to look at one area of western science, the neuroscience of decision making, and shows how destructive it is to understanding the majority of decisions to attempt to lift decisions, or release decisions from their context in this analytic way.

The paper concludes that western science might benefit from a careful study of eastern approaches to unity, which might actually fit more comfortably with the notions of complexity that western science is now struggling to comprehend. Above all, the analytical approach focuses on the short term and the context free, which means that it has little to say about education or the concerns of educators and educationists.
journal title
Journal of Learning Science
issue
Issue 8
start page
127
end page
133
date of issued
2015-03-16
publisher
広島大学大学院教育学研究科学習開発学講座
issn
1883-8200
ncid
language
eng
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
rights
Copyright (c) 2015 広島大学大学院教育学研究科学習開発学講座
department
Graduate School of Education
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