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ID 39726
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title alternative
The Introduction and the Usage of Three Kinds of Japanese Characters (Hiragana, Katakana, and Kanji) at the Preschool Stages in Japanese Schools for the Deaf: Results of the 2010 Survey
creator
Sumida, Yuina
subject
特別支援学校(聴覚障害)
就学前段階
ひらがな文字
カタカナ文字
漢字
School for the Deaf
Preschool department
Hiragana
Katakana
Kanji
NDC
Education
abstract
特別支援学校(聴覚障害)の就学前段階における日本語文字(ひらがな,カタカナ,漢字)の導入の状況と習得に向けた取り組みについて全国調査を実施した。ひらがな文字は,ほぼすべての学校で使用され,導入の段階も,早い学校では乳幼児教育相談(0~2歳)からであった。ひらがな文字を用いる場面は様々であるが,文字の読みと書きの習得を部として系統的に指導している学校は少なかった。カタカナと漢字について導入している学校数は,ひらがなに比べるとかなり少ないことが示された。また,過去2回行った結果との比較では,各活動の中でひらがな文字を用いる学校数の割合が減少していることが窺えた。新たな特別支援教育の時代を迎えるに当たり,小学部(小学校)入学の段階から始まる教科学習の充実に向けて,日本語文字の習得はその出発点とも言え,改めて入学前段階までの文字指導の状況について明らかにするとともに,教科学習開始に向けた就学前段階での文字習得指導の在り方についての検討が必要であることが示唆された。
abstract
This paper reported the results of survey on the introduction (presentation) and the usage of three kinds of Japanese characters (Hiragana, Katakana, and Kanji) at the preschool department (age of 0 to 5) of Japanese Deaf schools (97 in total) at 2010. Hiragana characters were introduced (presented) and used at almost of all the schools, in some schools were introduced (presented) in the several situations at the class of babies (below the age of three). However, few schools were tutoring reading or writing of hiragana as a part of the curriculum. That was the same on katakana and kanji, and the fewer schools introduced (presented) to the preschool children than those of hiragana. As comparing with the results of the former our two surveys regarding the usage of Japanese character(s), the percentage of the number of schools that were using hiragana at the several educational activities were reduced. Additional research should be done regarding the usage of Japanese characters at the preschool stage, as it would be one of the fundamental skills for the subject learning, starting immediately after entering the elementary school department. It also suggested that how the teachers of preschool deaf children should introduce (present) and teach the reading and writing of three Japanese characters for the successful entering into subject learning.
description
本研究の概要の一部は,日本特殊教育学会第49回大会(2011)において発表したものである。
journal title
The Bulletin of the Center for Special Needs Education Research and Practice Graduate School of Education, Hiroshima University
issue
Issue 14
start page
77
end page
86
date of issued
2016-03
publisher
広島大学大学院教育学研究科附属特別支援教育実践センター
issn
1883-5406
ncid
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Graduate School of Education
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