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ID 47674
file
title alternative
Apoha as Difference
creator
Nakasuka, Miyuki
abstract
The apoha theory is introduced by Dignāga as a linguistic theory of the Buddhist logico-epistemological school. Dharmakīrti, who takes over the theory from Dignāga, gives an ontological interpretation to it by calling a particular’s difference from others “exclusion” (apoha). For Dharmakīrti, it is the difference that is the foundation for conceptual construction. Conceptual cognitions and words, not connected to external entities themselves, are connected to the concepts constructed on the entities, so that they rest on the entities indirectly. Thus, the four items, namely, 1) entities, 2) differences, 3) concepts, and 4) conceptual cognitions/words are closely related.
This paper examines the function of the differences which connect concepts with entities. Conceptual cognitions/words do not numerically correspond to entities since in some cases there arises a conceptual cognition or a word concerning plural entities, or, conversely, there arise plural conceptual cognitions or words concerning an entity. These cases become explicable when the item 2) differences is put between 1) entities and 3) concepts. In explaining the relationship between conceptual cognitions and entities, Dignāga classifies the nominal entities (prajñaptisat) into three kinds: a) a spacially extended entitity (samūha); b) a temporally extended entity (saṃtāna); and c) a particular state of an entity (avasthāviśeṣa). In his Pramāṇavārttikasvavṛtti Dharmakīrti accepts this classification to explain the relationship between words and entities, putting the differences between entities and concepts, and in his Vādanyāya developes the classification into a more sophisticated form.
description
広島大学比較論理学プロジェクト研究センター研究成果報告書(2018年度)
journal title
The Annals of the Research Project Center for the Comparative Study of Logic
issue
Issue 16
start page
85
end page
110
date of issued
2019-03-25
publisher
広島大学比較論理学プロジェクト研究センター
issn
1880-6376
ncid
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Graduate School of Letters
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