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ID 34571
file
title alternative
Correation between rumination and reflection in self-focus, and self-efficacy, self-esteem and depression
creator
Seki, Hiromi
Kodama, Kenichi
subject
Rumination
Reflection
Self-focus
Depression
NDC
Psychology
abstract
The relationships of rumination and reflection with self-focus, se1f-efficacy, self-esteem and depression, as well as gender differences in these relationships were investigated. Results indicated that women ruminated more than men and that men reflected more than women. Moreover, reflection had a negative effect on depression in men, whereas it had no effect on depression in women. Previous research has suggested that reflection does not have an effect in alleviating depression. Results of this study indicated that rumination had a positive effect on depression without regard to sex. However, rumination had a negative influence on self-efficacy and self-esteem in both sexes. It is concluded that negative and persistent ruminations lowers the self-efficacy and self-esteem.
journal title
Bulletin of training and research center for clinical psychology
volume
Volume 11
start page
86
end page
96
date of issued
2013-03-20
publisher
広島大学大学院教育学研究科附属心理臨床教育研究センター
ncid
SelfDOI
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Graduate School of Education
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