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ID 46801
file
title alternative
Teacher Outflow from Compulsory Education in Rural China
creator
Zou, Wenqian
subject
China
Teacher
Rural Area
Outflow
中国
教員
農村部
流出
NDC
Education
abstract
In recent years, many discussions of the rural–urban education gap have emphasized the importance of quality assurance in rural areas of China. Many critics have observed that the teacher outflow issue is a serious factor widening the gap. Although teachers’ working conditions in rural areas has improved following the implementation of several central and local government policies, the teacher outflow problem is still present in many rural areas. This study discusses this problem experienced by many Chinese rural communities. Three key findings were obtained. First, a general one-way flow was observed, as younger and more capable teachers hope to leave rural areas for the cities, which hinders the development of rural education and widens the rural–urban education gap. Second, the teacher outflow still happens for a variety of reasons. For example, although the cost of education in rural areas is increasing, the available money for education does not always spread to all rural areas. Many rural areas still lack adequate funds due to their huge size. Therefore, rural community teachers are poorly paid compared with teachers in the cities. These teachers are overworked every day and have fewer opportunities to attend teacher training. In addition, rural teachers’ standard of living is more severe than that for teachers in urban areas. Third, these problems may be addressed through some solutions. For example, the central government should provide greater educational funds to rural areas and the fiscal expenditure between the central and local governments should be more rational. In addition, it is necessary to give rural teachers more opportunities to attend training to improve their skills.
journal title
Bulletin of the Graduate School of Education, Hiroshima University. Part 3, Education and human science
issue
Issue 67
start page
1
end page
8
date of issued
2018-12-21
publisher
広島大学大学院教育学研究科
issn
1346-5562
ncid
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Graduate School of Education
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