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ID 35396
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title alternative
The Changes of "Work Education" Idea in the Educational Philosophy of Mahatma Gandhi : The changes from the education in his ashrams to the national education in India
creator
subject
India
work education
national education
Mahatma Gandhi
インド
仕事教育
国民教育
マハートマー・ガーンディー
NDC
Education
abstract
In India, "work education" has been thought as important in the educational policy after independence. "work education" originated as "basic education" which Mahatma Gandhi advocated as national education in 1937.

The aim of this paper is to clarify the special features of Gandhi's "work education" ideas, paying close attention on how the ideas develop from the educational practice started in the small groups called ashrams into the plan of national education. I used documents written by Gandhi and analyzed the changes between his "work education" ideas during his stay in South Africa and those after returning to India.

This paper has clarified the following things. "work education" idea and Gandhi's interest in national education were already obtained in South Africa. However, this initial form of "work education" was aimed mainly at the post-secondary education which was accessible to only a small group of people. In other words, Gandhi did not associate "work education"with national education. After returning to India, he recognized the serious condition in India, and felt the necessity for national education more than before. Especially, he considered primary education the highest priority of national education, but he opposed the introduction of the compulsory education aimed only for improving literacy which would be a mere imitation of the occidental systems. He therefore introduced the compulsory education which was called "work education" for learning agricultural knowledge or technology and the dignity of labor as education suitable for India whose population was comprised mainly of farmers. That is, the change of his educational thought after returning to India was a process for completing the idea and method of "work education" which were indispensable in order to establish a different compulsory education system unique to India from the Occident.
journal title
Bulletin of the Graduate School of Education, Hiroshima University. Part 3, Education and human science
issue
Issue 62
start page
49
end page
58
date of issued
2013-12-20
publisher
広島大学大学院教育学研究科
issn
1346-5562
ncid
SelfDOI
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Graduate School of Education
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