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ID 22791
file
title alternative
A Fundamental Study on the Cognitive Mechanism of Shadowing in Japanese : From the view point of starting point of oral reproduction,memory span and sentence structure
creator
Kurata, Kumiko
subject
shadowing
starting point of oral reproduction
working memory capacity
phonological memory span
sentence structure
シャドーイング
口頭再生開始時点
作動記憶容量
音韻的短期記憶容量
文構造
NDC
Education
Japanese
abstract
This study examined the cognitive mechanism of shadowing in Japanese as a second language for advanced class of Japanese learners. The concrete aim of this study is to explore the relation between learners' memory span (including working memory capacity and phonological memory span) and sentence structure (i.e. SOV and OSV). Two shadowing conditions (simultaneous and delayed shadowing) and one repeating condition are adopted in the experiment. Three dependent variables are measured as subjects' performances: the fluency of oral reproduction, recognition accuracy of presented sentences, and reaction time (only in shadowing conditions). The main results were as follows: (a) the higher-span group demonstrated more fluency than the lower-span group, (b) higher fluency under the repeating condition was observed in OSV sentences, (c) recognition accuracy rates are higher both under the delayed shadowing condition for the higher-span group and under the repeating condition for the lower-span group. Moreover, the reaction time of SOV sentences was faster than that of OSV under the simultaneous shadowing condition. These results suggested a possibility that not only phonological processing but also semantic processing occurs during shadowing in Japanese as a second language. However, it seems that these two processing occurs in parallel only for the learners of higher-span of working memory.
journal title
Bulletin of the Graduate School of Education, Hiroshima University. Part. II, Arts and science education
issue
Issue 56
start page
259
end page
265
date of issued
2007-12-28
publisher
広島大学大学院教育学研究科
issn
1346-5554
ncid
SelfDOI
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Graduate School of Education
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