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ID 22787
file
title alternative
A study on the Process of Writing a Text Introduction for Elementary Students
creator
Furumoto, Yumi
subject
writing a text introduction
elementary students
process of writing
metacognitive activities
situation model
紹介文作成
小学生
産出過程
メタ認知的活動
状況モデル
NDC
Education
abstract
This research examined how a specific reading purpose, i.e. introducing the text to elementary students, affects the readers' comprehension and how they write a text introduction. Participants were 11 graduate school students who were all native speakers of Japanese. The participants were asked to perform the following tasks: (1) evaluation of the degree of importance of each idea unit in the following cases: "overall understanding of the text" and "introduction of the text content to an elementary student", (2) writing a text introduction for elementary students, and (3) evaluation of their meta-cognitive activities while writing an introduction. There are 4 major findings: (a) in the rhetorical aspect, readers pay attention to the simplicity of the vocabulary, expressions, and structure of the text introduction, (b) content-wise, some participants added concrete examples easily understood by elementary students while some did not, (c) as a result of (b), the constructed mental representation can be divided into two levels: textbase and situation model, and (d) although the cognitive load is high, the act of introducing or explaining to others has a positive effect on one's own level of understanding since a more coherent representation is constructed.
journal title
Bulletin of the Graduate School of Education, Hiroshima University. Part. II, Arts and science education
issue
Issue 56
start page
227
end page
233
date of issued
2007-12-28
publisher
広島大学大学院教育学研究科
issn
1346-5554
ncid
SelfDOI
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Graduate School of Education
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