このエントリーをはてなブックマークに追加
ID 19823
file
title alternative
Postural control in persons with unilateral trans-femoral amputation using center of pressure : effect of socket types
creator
Kawano, Ichiro
Tobimatsu, Yoshiko
Maejima, Hiroshi
Moriyama, Hideki
Takemoto, Hidenori
Saka, Yukari
Otani, Takuya
Takasugi, Shin-ichiro
Iwamoto, Yukihide
subject
大腿切断
姿勢制御
ソケット
trans-femoral amputation
postural control
socket
NDC
Medical sciences
abstract
片側大腿切断者の立位姿勢制御の特徴を明らかにする目的で,社会的活動レベルにある片側大腿切断者6名を対象に,静止立位と計算課題を同時に行った場合の姿勢制御について足圧中心点の変位を指標に検討した.事前に光刺激による反応時間を測定し計算課題が注意を分散させ得る課題であること確認した.足圧中心点の測定は,静止立位で10秒間行い,総軌跡長,矩形面積,健患位置,前後位置を算出し,健常者との比較,計算課題の有無による比較を行った.その結果,片側大腿切断者は健常者より総軌跡長,矩形面積が有意に大きかったが,両者とも二重課題の影響は受けなかった.また,片側大腿切断者は静止立位時足圧中心点が健側へ偏倚しており,二重課題時はさらに健側へ偏倚させる方略で姿勢制御していた.ソケットの違いによる比較では,坐骨収納型ソケットより四辺形ソケット使用者の方が安定する傾向にあった.
abstract
The purpose of this study was to clarify the characteristics of postural control in persons with amputation and to examine the influence of two socket types. A group of six men with unilateral trans-femoral amputation (amputation group, AG) participated in this study. A group of twenty healthy men (control group, CG), matched for age, were also tested. The subjects performed two tests as follows: (1)quiet upright standing task (single-task, ST) and (2)upright standing and concurrent attention-demanding task (calculation task) (dual-task, DT). The center of pressure (CP) was measured using a force platform during the two conditions. In addition, the trajectory length (LNG), the rectilinear area (REA), and the lateral and fore-aft direction were calculated. Significant differences were observed between AG and CG concerning LNG and REA in ST (p<.05). But the effect of a cognitive task on the efficiency of postural control was not shown in either group. In contrast with CG, CP in AG showed a movement to the non-amputation side in the lateral direction (p<.05). Further, CP was moved to the non-amputation side as an effect of the cognitive task (p<.05). In regard to the effect by socket type, there was a tendency for LNG and REA in the quadrilateral socket to be smaller than in the ischial-ramal containment socket.
journal title
Journal of health sciences, Hiroshima University
volume
Volume 6
issue
Issue 1
start page
17
end page
24
date of issued
2006-12-28
publisher
広島大学保健学出版会
issn
1347-7323
ncid
SelfDOI
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Graduate School of Health Science
他の一覧