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ID 31117
file
title alternative
Effects of Different Approaches to Out-of-Class Learning of English on TOEIC Score Gains
creator
Tagashira, Kenji
NDC
Education
abstract
The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of out-of-class learning of English by Japanese college students on their proficiency growth measured by the TOEIC test. 809 university students were categorized into three groups by type of learning approach; the 'test-prep' group, who did only test-preparation; the 'general' group, who followed a general type of English learning; and the 'mixed' group, who combined test-preparation and a general type of English learning. The three groups were compared in terms of the changes in their TOEIC scores to examine the effects of different types of out-of-class learning. Using the General Linear Model (GLM), a model was set to predict post-test scores with pre-test scores, study time, type of learning, and the interaction of pre-test scores and type of learning. Results showed that the interaction was significant, which indicates that the effects of different types of learning are moderated by students' proficiency in English.
journal title
Hiroshima Studies in Language and Language Education
issue
Issue 14
start page
47
end page
59
date of issued
2011-03-01
publisher
広島大学外国語教育研究センター
issn
1347-0892
ncid
SelfDOI
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
rights
Copyright (c) 2011 広島大学外国語教育研究センター
department
Institute for Foreign Language Research and Education
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