Is Communication to Endocardium Necessary for Angiogenesis in Transmyocardial Laser Revascularization?
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Transmyocardial laser revascularization
Blood flow through the laser channels
There is evidence of angiogenesis being induced after transmyocardial laser revascularization (TMLR), although the precise mechanism has not been fully elucidated. This study was designed to examine whether or not blood flow from the left ventricle through the channels is essential for angiogenesis following TMLR.
Ten dogs underwent the creation of two types of laser channels in the left ventricle: 1) a transmural channel (TMC), which penetrates the myocardium, and 2) a non-transmural channel (NTMC), which does not open to the epicardium. The animals were sacrificed on the 28th postoperative day and the vascular density was examined. Vessels with smooth muscle media were seen within or around the channel remnant. The vessel density was compared between TMC and NTMC. The outer and inner halves of the myocardium in the TMC region were compared in the same way.
The density of vessels within and around the channel remnants was significantly higher in TMC than in NTMC (1.439 versus 0.685 vessels/microscopic visual field (mvf=40X); p=0.0025). The vascular density was significantly higher in the region adjacent to TMC than in a distant region (>3 mm from the channel center). The vascular density was significantly higher in the outer half than in the inner half of the myocardium (1.730 versus 1.180 vessels/mvf: p=0.0459).
These findings demonstrate that communication to the left ventricular lumen enhances angiogenesis of TMLR, although blood flow in the channel did not exist 4 weeks after TMLR and angiogenesis tended to be more highly enhanced in the outer half than in the inner half of the myocardium.
Hiroshima Journal of Medical Sciences
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Hiroshima University Medical Press
Departmental Bulletin Paper
Departmental Bulletin Papers
Graduate School of Biomedical Science
Graduate School of Health Science