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ID 48544
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title alternative
The Small Clause Analysis of Copular Sentences in Old Japanese: The Comparative Study of Old and Modern Japanese
creator
subject
名詞述語文
分裂文
「ノダ」文
コピュラ
小節構造
Copular Sentences
Cleft Sentences
“no-da” Sentences
Copula
Small Clause
abstract
This paper aims to define the form and function of Old Japanese copular sentences containing the NP-da predicate. It is a commonly held that the Old Japanese copula was -n(i)ari, but the zero copula (-ø) was frequently used. This paper analyzes the syntactic structure “A-pa B-ø/-n(i)ari” as a small clause structure, and examines the functions of copular sentences. To this end, we organize the functions of copular sentences in Modern Japanese for comparison with the functions of copular sentences in Old Japanese. Furthermore, Old Japanese had a kakari musubi structure using a kakari particle -zo. In order to verify whether this kakari musubi structure was a copular sentence, we analyze the syntactic structure of (pseudo-) cleft sentences. After understanding the syntactic and functional property of copular sentences and (pseudo-)cleft sentences, we show that the kakari musubi structure “A-zo B” is not a copular sentence, but a cleft sentence similar to English it-clefts in which a marker -zo appears in the head of ForceP indicating a particular illocutionary force.
journal title
The Hiroshima University studies, Graduate School of Letters
volume
Volume 79
start page
63
end page
95
date of issued
2019-12-25
publisher
広島大学大学院文学研究科
issn
1347-7013
ncid
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Graduate School of Letters
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