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ID 50210
file
title alternative
Current Situation and Perspective of Ainu Studies at the Public Elementary Schools in Hokkaido: Analysis of social studies supplementary readers from the point of view of otherness
creator
subject
Ainu
indigenous
otherness
synoptic viewing
social studies supplementary reader
アイヌ
先住民
他者性
展望
社会科副読本
abstract
The purpose of this study is clarifying the current situation and perspective of Ainu studies at the public elementary schools in Hokkaido. We sent questionnaires to the 179 boards of education in Hokkaido to find out the educational plan, study and issues on Ainu studies there. 79 boards of education replied, 44 of which send to us their social studies supplementary readers which had been compiled and published by each municipality for elementary schools. From the replies, we find that 24 boards of education have had difficulty in establishing a teaching method for Ainu study, and 11 boards indicated current Ainu studies is not enough emphasis has been placed to associate with concepts of human rights or living side-by-side with Ainu. We analyzed Ainu descriptions in the social studies supplementary readers from the point of view of other or otherness by picking out terms which signify these concepts. As a result, we found readers were constructed around the concept of wajin (people who came from mainland Honshu, Shikoku and Kyusyu island) as subject, and Ainu as the other from using such terms like Ezochi (indigenous or assimilated), and by using the passive voice or causative verbs in Ainu descriptions. We also found that some narratives in the readers described differences of culture or worldview between Ainu and wajin. Finally, we concluded that Ainu studies at Hokkaido include the concept of Ainu as the other, but it is possible the use of this concept can help children understand not only Ainu culture but also themselves.
description
本研究はJSPS科研費JP17K18643の助成を受けたものです。
本稿は2019年8月20日,日本ESD学会第2回大会における発表に加筆したものです。
journal title
Bulletin of the Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Hiroshima University. Studies in education
issue
Issue 1
start page
285
end page
294
date of issued
2020-12-25
publisher
広島大学大学院人間社会科学研究科
issn
2436-0333
ncid
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
rights
Copyright (c) 2020 人間社会科学研究科
department
Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences
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