このエントリーをはてなブックマークに追加
ID 25657
file
creator
Sugimoto, R.
Park, K.-H.
Matsuoka, Satoru
Mori, Koh-ichiro
Nishioka, Toyohiro
Maruyama, Keigo
subject
Bacteriophage
Lactococcus garvieae
Enterococcus seriolicida
Yellowtail
Seriola quinqueradiata
Phage-therapy
Biological control
NDC
Zoology
abstract
The present study describes the in vitro and in vivo survival of Lactococcus garvieae bacteriophages and the potential of the phage for controlling experimental L. garvieae infection in yellowtail. Anti-L. garvieae phages persisted well in various physicochemical (water temperature, salinity, pH) and biological (feed, serum and alimentary tract extracts of yellowtail) conditions, except for low acidity. In the in vivo, the phage PLgY-16 was detected in the spleens of yellowtail until 24 h after intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection, or the phage was recovered from the intestine of yellowtail 3 h after the oral administration of phage-impregnated feed but undetectable 10 h later. Simultaneous administration of live L. garvieae and phage enhanced recovery of the phage from the spleen or intestine. The survival rate was much higher in yellowtail that received i.p. injection of the phage after i.p. challenge with L. garvieae, compared with that of control fish without phage injection. When fish were i.p.-injected with phage at different hours after L. garvieae challenge, higher protective effects were demonstrated in fish that received phage treatment at the earlier time. Protection was also obtained in yellowtail receiving phage-impregnated feed, in which fish were challenged by an anal intubation with L. garvieae. Anal-intubated L. garvieae were detected constantly in the spleens of the control fish, while they were detected sporadically and disappeared from the phage-treated fish 48 h later. On the other hand, orally administered phage was detected at high plaque-forming units from the intestines and spleens of the phage-treated fish until 48 h later. These results indicate that intraperitoneally or orally administered anti-L. garvieae phage prevented fish from experimental L. garvieae infection, suggesting potential use of the phage for controlling the disease.
journal title
Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
volume
Volume 37
issue
Issue 1
start page
33
end page
41
date of issued
1999-06-23
publisher
Inter-Research
issn
0177-5103
1616-1580
ncid
publisher doi
language
eng
nii type
Journal Article
HU type
Journal Articles
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
rights
Copyright (c) 1999 Inter-Research.
relation url
department
Graduate School of Biosphere Science