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ID 25665
file
creator
Ito, Yu
Mori, Koh-Ichiro
Sugaya, Takuma
Nishioka, Toyohiro
Oka, Masakazu
subject
Betanodavirus
Host specificity
Viral nervous necrosis
Chimeric virus
RNA2
T4 region
SJNNV
RGNNV
NDC
Zoology
abstract
Betanodaviruses, the causative agents of viral nervous necrosis in marine fish, have bipartite positive-sense RNA genomes. The viruses have been classified into 4 distinct types based on nucleotide sequence similarities in the variable region (the so-called T4 region) of the smaller genomic segment RNA2 (1.4 kb). Betanodaviruses have marked host specificity, although the primary structures of the viral RNAs and encoded proteins are similar among the viruses. We have previously demonstrated, using reassortants between striped jack nervous necrosis virus (SJNNV) and redspotted grouper nervous necrosis virus (RGNNV), that RNA2, which encodes the coat protein, strictly controls host specificity. However, because RNA2 is large, we were unable to propose a mechanism underlying this RNA2-based host specificity. To identify the RNA2 region that controls host specificity, we constructed RNA2 chimeric viruses from SJNNV and RGNNV and tested their infectivity in the original host fish, striped jack Pseudocaranx dentex and sevenband grouper Epinephelus septemfasciatus. Among these chimeric viruses, SJNNV mutants containing the variable region of RGNNV RNA2 infected sevenband grouper larvae in a manner similar to RGNNV, while RGNNV mutants containing the variable region of SJNNV RNA2 infected striped jack larvae in a manner similar to SJNNV. Immunofluorescence microscopic studies using anti-SJNNV polyclonal antibodies revealed that these chimeric viruses multiplied in the brains, spinal cords and retinas of the infected fish, as in infections by the parental viruses. These results indicate that the variable region of RNA2 is sufficient to control host specificity in SJNNV and RGNNV.
journal title
Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
volume
Volume 79
issue
Issue 3
start page
199
end page
205
date of issued
2008-05-08
publisher
Inter-Research
issn
0177-5103
1616-1580
ncid
publisher doi
language
eng
nii type
Journal Article
HU type
Journal Articles
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
rights
Copyright (c) 2008 Inter-Research.
relation url
department
Graduate School of Biosphere Science