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ID 25661
file
creator
Ooyama, Tsuyoshi
Hirokawa, Yusuke
Minami, Takayuki
Yasuda, Hiroshi
Endo, Makoto
Ruangpan, Lila
Yoshida, Terutoyo
subject
Immunogenicity
Lactococcus garvieae
Seriola quinqueradiata
Cell capsule
Fimbriae
NDC
Zoology
abstract
The cell-surface properties of strains of Lactococcus garvieae were examined. Two capsular types were found, one with a highly developed capsule (KG9408) and one with a micro-capsule (MS93003) carrying fimbriae-like components projecting from the cell surface. One strain (NSS9310) had neither cell capsular nor fimbriae-like structures on its cell surface. The strains with the highly developed capsule were more virulent to fish than either the micro-capsular or non-capsular strains. The KG9408, MS93003 and NSS9310 strains could be clearly differentiated by their susceptibility to bacteriophages. Protection against L. garvieae infection was induced in the yellowtail Seriola quinqueradiata by immunization with formalin-killed L. garvieae KG9408 and MS93003 cells. Although protection was also induced by immunization with NSS9310, the level of protection was significantly lower than that with KG9408 and MS93003 vaccines. Passive immunization with yellowtail immune sera raised against KG9408 and MS93003 conferred strong protection on yellowtail with rapid bacterial clearance after challenge with L. garvieae. Immunoblotting analysis of protein antigens extracted from L. garvieae strains using rabbit anti-KG9408 and anti-MS93003 sera and yellowtail anti KG9408 and anti-MS93003 sera indicated that some bands in KG9408 and MS93003 strains were not detectable in NSS9310.
journal title
Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
volume
Volume 51
issue
Issue 3
start page
169
end page
177
date of issued
2002-10-04
publisher
Inter-Research
issn
0177-5103
1616-1580
ncid
publisher doi
language
eng
nii type
Journal Article
HU type
Journal Articles
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
rights
Copyright (c) 2002 Inter-Research.
relation url
department
Graduate School of Biosphere Science