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ID 27167
file
title alternative
Interference in Sentence Memory
creator
subject
memory of sentence
free recall of sentence
retroactive inhibition
interference theory
integration of sentences
NDC
Education
abstract
The present study was designed to investigate whether the retroactive inhibition originally observed in paired-associate learning of nonsense syllables can be generalized to the free-recall learning of sentences. The subjects learned two lists of 12 sentences in succession. The syntactic structure of each sentence consisted of a noun phrase and a verb phrase, and two free-recall lists were constructed to conform the A-B, A-D and A-B, C-D paradigms. The major results indicated that (1) substantial retroactive inhibitions (RIs) occurred in both transfer paradigms; (2) these RIs were overcome by using relevant knowledge to integrate sentences; and (3) the subjects could recall the constituents of a sentence (noun phrase and verb phrase) even when they could not recall a whole sentence. These results were interpreted as contradicting the classical interference theory in which RI would be predicted on the basis of A-B, A-D relationship between successive lists, and the theoretical implications for the models of sentence memory were discussed.
journal title
Bulletin of the Faculty of Education, Hiroshima University. Part 1
issue
Issue 35
start page
127
end page
133
date of issued
1986-12-27
publisher
広島大学教育学部
issn
0440-8705
ncid
SelfDOI
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Graduate School of Education
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