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ID 27173
file
title alternative
A historical overview of memory research
creator
subject
history of memory research
Ebbinghaus tradition
Bartlett tradition
ecological validity
everyday memory
NDC
Psychology
Education
abstract
This article presents a historical overview of the two traditions in memory research. The first, originating with Ebbinghaus, tends to emphasize the need to limit and control the richness and complexity of memory in everyday life, by studying the learning and forgetting of artificial materials (e.g., nonsence syllables) under rigidly controlled conditions. The second, represented by the approach adopted by Bartlett, prefers to accept the richness and complexity of studying memory in more naturalistic situations rather than risking the exclusion of the subject's active effort after meaning, which it regards as playing a central role in the processes of learning and remembering. This article also draws together the various aspects of theories outlined, attempts to synthesize into a metaphorical model for describing the theoretical development of memory research, and poses some questions for future research.
journal title
Bulletin of the Faculty of Education, Hiroshima University. Part 1, Psychology division
issue
Issue 42
start page
101
end page
110
date of issued
1994-03-10
publisher
広島大学教育学部
issn
0919-8652
ncid
SelfDOI
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Graduate School of Education
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