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ID 45248
file
creator
Goshima, Naoka
NDC
General history of Asia
abstract
Household economy can be reflected by food security situation of the households. This paper aims to analyze household economy and evaluate food security status at household level between the two villages; Acumau and Mertuto categorized as periurban and rural, respectively. All households in Mertuto practice commercial farming whereas 88% of the households in Acumau engage in it. In both of the villages, some of the households do farming together with non-farm activities. Food self-sufficiency (staple food) level of both Acumau and Mertuto are very low. Nevertheless, their land is not suitable for rice cultivation, they prefer to consume rice as their primary staple food. They can’t achieve food sufficient situation at household level without cash income from farming and non-farm activities. The households from Acumau attain food sufficiency (staple food) rate of 101% with cash income from farming and non-farm activities composed from selling livestock (12%), solidarity payment (27%) and wage (35%), in contrast to the households from Mertuto who are still under the state of food insufficiency although cash income from coffee (27%), business (14%) and wage (36%) contribute to food sufficiency of the households. Thus, it will be helpful to increase preferred staple, maize production as of the way to achieve food sufficiency in both of the villages. In Acumau, strengthening livestock farming will be a sustainable way for the household food sufficiency with the better access to Dili whereas in Mertuto, coffee production should be increased, considering the contribution of coffee farming to households, and sending migrant will enable them to achieve food security for long run.
journal title
Journal of International Development and Cooperation
volume
Volume 24
issue
Issue 1・2
start page
1
end page
15
date of issued
2018-03-01
publisher
広島大学大学院国際協力研究科
issn
1341-0903
ncid
language
eng
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
rights
Copyright (c) 2018 Graduate School for International Development and Cooperation Hiroshima University.
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department
Graduate School for International Development and Cooperation
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