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ID 37702
file
creator
Az-Ma, Toshiharu
Fujii, Kohyu
Yuge, Osafumi
subject
Albumin permeability
Reactive oxygen intermediates
Calcium channels
Redox state
NDC
Medical sciences
abstract
This study was designed to test the idea that the redox state of sulfhydryl (SH)-groups in cell-membrane Ca2+ channels plays a pivotal role in Ca2+ influx, which in turn causes an increase in albumin permeability across the cultured monolayer of porcine pulmonary artery endothelial (PPAE) cells exposed to xanthine/xanthine oxidase (X/XO). Albumin permeability as well as the concentration of intracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) was increased by X/XO. A H202 scavenger (catalase), an iron chelator (o-phenanthroline), and a hydroxyl radical scavenger (dimethyl sulfoxide) inhibited these changes provoked by X/XO, in which intracellular iron-catalyzed hydroxyl radical generation was suggested to be involved. The increase in albumin permeability and [Ca2+]i continued once the PPAE cells were exposed to X/XO. The [Ca2+]i was decreased by a Ca2+ channel blocker, Ni2+, while the removal of Ni2+ increased [Ca2+]i again, suggesting the sustained Ca2+ influx through cell-membrane Ca2+ channels was responsible for the [Ca2+]i elevation. Ni2+ failed to inhibit albumin permeability sustained after the removal of X/XO. In contrast, SH-reducing agents (dithiothreitol and glutathione) inhibited the sustained permeability as well as Ca2+ influx. We concluded that the redox alteration of SH-groups in cell-membrane Ca2+ channels was involved in the increase in albumin permeability after exposure of the endothelial cells to oxidative stress.
description
This study was supported in part by a Grant-in-aid for Scientific Research from the Ministry of Education, Science and Culture of Japan (No. 09771160).
journal title
Hiroshima Journal of Medical Sciences
volume
Volume 49
issue
Issue 1
start page
57
end page
65
date of issued
2000-03
publisher
Hiroshima University Medical Press
issn
0018-2052
ncid
language
eng
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Graduate School of Biomedical Science
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