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ID 20096
file
creator
Yokoyama, Hiroshi
Seiwa, Hidetoshi
abstract
Latitude has been considered a dominant factor in stress reduction. Jobs that involve high latitude, however, generally are accompanied by high responsibility, which might induce high levels of stress. Therefore, latitude in a job situation is necessary to examine the effects of responsibility and latitude together. In this study we examined the effects of personal responsibility and latitude for Type A and B individuals on psychological and physiological responses. Thirty-one Type A participants and 31 Type B participants were divided into high- and low-responsibility conditions. Personal responsibility was operated by disclosures about results of the task performed by groups of 3 participants. Participants received both latitude conditions (self-paced and externally paced task). High responsibility elicited psychological responses and increased heart rate; Type A individuals especially showed a remarkable increase of heart rate. On the other hand, latitude did not reduce strain. We concluded that personal responsibility might be one of the dominant factors of stress elicitation.
journal title
International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
volume
Volume 7
issue
Issue 3
start page
204
end page
215
date of issued
2000
publisher
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
issn
1070-5503
ncid
publisher doi
language
eng
nii type
Journal Article
HU type
Journal Articles
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
author
rights
Copyright (c) 2000 Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc
relation url
department
Graduate School of Integrated Arts and Sciences