Laser Spectroscopic and Theoretical Studies of Encapsulation Complexes of Calixarene
JPhysChemA_2011_115_10846.pdf 5.38 MB
Xantheas, Sotiris S.
The complexes between the host calixarene (C4A) and various guest molecules such as NH3, N2, CH4, and C2H2 have been investigated via experimental and theoretical methods. The S1-S0 electronic spectra of these guest-host complexes are observed by mass-selected resonant two-photon ionization (R2PI) and laser induced fluorescence (LIF) spectroscopy. The infrared (IR) spectra of the complexes formed in molecular beams are obtained by IR-UV double resonance (IR-UV DR) and IR photodissociation (IRPD) spectroscopy. The supramolecular structures of the complexes are investigated by electronic structure methods (density functional and second order perturbation theory). The current results for the various molecular guests are put in perspective with the previously reported ones for the C4A-Rare Gas (Rg) (Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2007, 126, 141101) and C4A-H2O complexes (J. Phys. Chem. A, 2010, 114, 2967). The electronic spectra of the complexes of C4A with N2, CH4 and C2H2 exhibit red-shifts of similar magnitudes with the ones observed for the C4A-Rg complexes, whereas the complexes of C4A with H2O and NH3 show much larger red-shifts. Most of the IR-UV DR spectra of the complexes, except for C4A-C2H2, show a broad hydrogen bonded OH stretching band with a peak at ~3160 cm-1. The analysis of the experimental results, in agreement with the ones resulting from the electronic structure calculations, suggests that C4A preferentially forms endo-complexes with all the guest species reported in this study. We discuss the similarities and differences of the structures, binding energies and the nature of the interaction between the C4A host and the various guest species.
This is a preprint of an article published by American Chemical Society in Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 2011, available online: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jp204577j.
This work is supported from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) through a Grant-in-Aid project (No. 18205003) and from MEXT through a Grant-in-Aid for the Scientific Research on Priority Area “Molecular Science for Supra Functional Systems” (No. 477).
Journal of Physical Chemistry A
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American Chemical Society
Copyright (c) 2011 American Chemical Society
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Graduate School of Science