A Study of Simplification Strategies by Native Speakers of English : Use of Discourse Markers
Recent research into non-native speakers' communication strategies has revealed some common features in their communicative efforts. On the other hand, native speakers' strategies to make their speeches comprehensible to non-native speakers have not been examined in great details yet. The present study compared the two texts: a letter (the original version) and a transcription of the speech which paraphrased the letter with explanations (the simplified version) and then analyzed the process of native speakers' simplification efforts in a spontaneous speech in terms of the use of discourse markers: micro and macro-discourse markers. At the same time, a quantitative comparison was made such as a mean length of T-unit/sentence and readability. As a result, a simplified version was proved to be not necessarily simple in terms of the syntactic aspect. However, in the discourse level, the simplified speech contained a lot more micro/macro discourse markers than the original text. This seems to suggest that discourse markers play a key role in simplifying a text and the foreign language teachers should realize the significance of discourse markers to make classroom input comprehensible to the learners.
Bulletin of Research Center for Educational Study and Practice, Faculty of School Education, Hirosihma University
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Departmental Bulletin Paper
Departmental Bulletin Papers
Graduate School of Education