JpnJPhysEduc_46-5_443.pdf 1.45 MB
Structure of sarcoplasmic reticulum and activity-induced alteration in its function
Sports and physical training
Repeated contractions of skeletal muscle lead to a decline of force known as fatigue. The exact cause of muscular fatigue probably involves numerous factors which influence force production in a manner dependent on muscle fiber type and activation pattern. However, a growing amount of evidence implicates alteration of intracellular Ca2+ handling as a major contributor to fatigue. These changes are known to occur secondary to reductions in the rates of Ca2+ uptake and release by the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR). In this brief review, we focus on two major aspects: 1) molecular mechanisms of the Ca2+ uptake and release process, focusing on Ca2+-ATPase protein and the ryanodine receptor; and 2) several factors that may be responsible for dysfunction of the SR resulting from contractile activity. Factors that might account for diminished function of the SR include a fall in internal pH, increased Ca2+ concentration, modification by reactive oxygen species, depletion of high-energy phosphate, and accumulation of inorganic phosphate.
Japan J. Phys. Educ. Hlth. Sport Sci. 46 : 443-459, September, 2001
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Copyright (c) 2001 日本体育学会
Graduate School of Integrated Arts and Sciences