啓蒙主義者カンペの言語論におけるロマン主義的変容 : モーリッツとの比較を手がかりに <特集 言語と教育>
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The Romantic Transfiguration in the Enlightenmental Theory of Language in the Thought of Campe : In Comparison to the Thought of Moritz <Special Issues : Language and Education>
Purpose of this paper is to reexamine the positioning of the educational thought of Joachim Heinrich Campe which is a representative model of the educational thought in the Enlightenment, in comparison to the theory of Karl Philipp Moritz. Moritz as an early Romanticist tried in his language theory to establish a methodology for creating the universal language through self-analysis and on the basis of his own experiential psychology. Campe showed a necessity for stipulating concepts and an expectation for the public in his criticism of Moritz based upon Enlightenment psychology. This led him to the reconstruction of language through dictionary compilation in the occasion of the French Revolution. In that process Campe constructed a place for the Enlightenment theory of language, by describing the criticism of Moritz. Ironically, however, this turned out to give the latent character of Romanticism to the dictionary. On the basis of this transfiguration, various interpretations of the Campe's language theory were united in one dynamic image. Furthermore, a link between the Enlightment and Romanticism was established through the transfiguration of Campe's theory of language.
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Graduate School of Education