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ID 27629
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title alternative
A Historical Overview of Learning Theories : A New Root-Metaphor of Learning
creator
subject
root-metapher of learning
learning theory of behaviorism
learning theory of cognitive psychology
mechanistic view of learning
ecological-system view of learning
NDC
Education
abstract
This article presents a historical overview of the learning theories. Two significant traditions of learning theories are reviewed and discussed: learning theory of behaviorism and that of cognitive psychology. By evaluating these two lines of learning theories in terms of Pepper's (1942) root-metaphor theory, it is suggested that the root-metaphor of these theories is mechanistic in that both describe causal relationships between environmental stimulation and bodily reflexes, or between input and output of information. Criticizing the inadequacy of mechanistic root-metaphor in describing active and vital feature of human learning, especially in educational context, a viable alternative root-metaphor, the ecological-system view, is being proposed.
journal title
Journal of learning and curriculum development
issue
Issue 1
start page
11
end page
18
date of issued
2000-03-24
publisher
広島大学大学院教育学研究科学習開発専攻基幹講座
ncid
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Graduate School of Education
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