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ID 33888
file
creator
Kožíšek, Zdeněk
Okada, Kiyoka
Demo, Pavel
NDC
Chemistry
abstract
Kinetic equations describing nucleation on active centers are solved numerically to determine the number of supercritical nuclei, nucleation rate, and the number density of nuclei for formation both of droplets from vapor and also crystalline phase from vapor, solution, and melt. Our approach follows standard nucleation model, when the exhaustion of active centers is taken into account via the boundary condition, and thus no additional equation (expressing exhaustion of active centers) is needed. Moreover, we have included into our model lowering of supersaturation of a mother phase as a consequence of the phase transition process within a confined volume. It is shown that the standard model of nucleation on active centers (Avrami approach) gives faster exhaustion of active centers as compared with our model in all systems under consideration. Nucleation rate (in difference to standard approach based on Avrami model) is equal to the time derivative of the total number of nuclei and reaches some maximum with time. At lower nucleation barrier (corresponding to higher initial supersaturation or lower wetting angle of nucleus on the surface of active center) the exhaustion of active centers is faster. Decrease in supersaturation of the mother phase is faster at higher number of active centers.
journal title
Journal of Chemical Physics
volume
Volume 136
issue
Issue 16
start page
164506
date of issued
2012
publisher
American Institute of Physics
issn
0021-9606
ncid
publisher doi
language
eng
nii type
Journal Article
HU type
Journal Articles
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
rights
(c) 2012 American Institute of Physics
relation url
department
Graduate School of Integrated Arts and Sciences