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ID 25895
file
creator
Sugumart, Gopalrajan
Hirata, Yasushi
Matsubara, Danji
Muroga, Kiyokuni
subject
bacillary necrosis
vibriosis
Crassostrea gigas
veliger
Vibrio splendidus
pathogenicity
toxicity
NDC
Fishing industry. Fisheries
abstract
The potential pathogenicity of strains of Vibrio splendidus biovar II, which were isolated from bacillary necrosis of triploid larvae of Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas in a hatchery in western Japan, was investigated. The course of experimental infection with virulent strains of V. splendidus biovar II was very rapid in 5-day-old veliger larvae with disease signs apparent within 6 to 12 h after exposure of larvae at doses of 10^4 to 10^6 CFU/ml, and mortalities up to 100% were recorded in 24 h at 10^5 and 10^6 CFU/ml. Although all the tested stages of larvae were experimentally infected by virulent strains of V. splendidus biovar II, a later stage (17 days post-hatching) was less susceptible than the earlier stages of development. Diploid and triploid larvae were almost equally susceptible to this pathogen. Extracellular products and intracellular components of the strains were lethal to larvae, but their lethality did not correlate with the virulence of live cultures. These results suggest that the ability to elaborate toxins is not the only virulence factor in the pathogenicity of V. splendidus biovar II. The ability of this pathogen to bring about significant mortalities in oyster larvae at densities of 10^4 CFU/ml and its long survival in seawater make this pathogen a potential threat to larval oyster productions in hatchery systems.
journal title
Fish Pathology
volume
Volume 33
issue
Issue 2
start page
79
end page
84
date of issued
1998-06
publisher
日本魚病学会
issn
0388-788X
ncid
language
eng
nii type
Journal Article
HU type
Journal Articles
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Graduate School of Biosphere Science