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ID 50543
file
title alternative
15 Years Endeavor of Non-Formal Education in Pakistan and its ‘Platform-Based Cooperation’
creator
OHASHI, Chiho
abstract
Pakistan faces serious issues on education, with huge number of out-of- school children and youth and low literacy rate. The Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) has worked for Non-Formal Education (NFE) sector in Pakistan for 15 years to strengthen NFE delivery mechanism to tackle these issues. The Advancing Quality Alternative Learning (AQAL) project (2015-2020) aimed to 1) establish foundation of effective NFE delivery system, 2) enhance NFE Data Driven Management through NFE Management Information System, and 3) assure quality on NFE and recognition of its learning by certificates. As a result of intervention, the following outcomes have been developed and formally approved by the respective federal and provincial governments: NFE policy, delivery systems (e.g. teacher management system, monitoring system); target specific curriculum and materials (e.g. accelerated education curriculum and materials for primary and middle level, trade-specific literacy materials, literacy cum health materials); assessment tools, equivalency mechanism between formal-nonformal education. Also, during the project, the NFE department/ directorates have strengthened their functions shown as drastically increased budget and staff number.
The unique approach of AQAL is ‘Platform-based cooperation’ which provides flexible and open ‘places’ for provincial governments to invite all stakeholders: governments’ organizations, development partners, NGOs and civil society, to share ideas, resources and networks, and act together towards education issues through NFE means. These platforms were officially established by federal and provincial governments and assured its sustainability. The process of coordination also flourished trust and confidence on NFE sector, so that other development partners show their interests in NFE. The COVID-19 pandemic may create additional number of OOSC and youths with critical health and economic crisis. NFE can provide practical and immediate solutions to not only OOSC but also in-school children to catch up their learning against learning loss due to COVID-19 pandemic.
journal title
Journal of international cooperation in education
volume
Volume 23
issue
Issue 1
start page
61
end page
77
date of issued
2020-10-31
publisher
広島大学教育開発国際協力研究センター
issn
1344-2996
1344-7998
ncid
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
rights
Copyright (c) 2020 広島大学教育開発国際協力研究センター
department
Center for the Study of International Cooperation in Education
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