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ID 41599
file
title alternative
Documents and Records of Science Education Reform in Postwar Japan (Ⅻ)
creator
subject
G. Oka’s private library
objectives of understandings
official of CIE
岡現次郎蔵書
理解の目標
民間情報教育局係官
NDC
Education
abstract
The current study sought to clarify the materials provided by Genjiro Oka (1901–84), an official at the Ministry of Education in Japan, during science education reform in postwar Japan. An analysis of documentary records revealed four main findings: (1) G. Oka’s private library contained 727 Japanese books and 72 foreign books. The foreign books included writings by K.M. Harkness, V.T. Edmiston and H. Heffernan. These books are thought to have been given to G. Oka by three officials at the CIE. (2) Comparing the “Course of Study in Elementary Science” (1947) compiled by the Ministry of Education with “Science in General Education” (1938) by K.M. Harkness revealed that the former writing quoted a section on evaluation from the latter writing. In addition, “Science in General Education” (1938) appears to have influenced “Objectives of Understandings” (1947) compiled by the Advisory Committee on Science Curriculum in Japan. (3) Comparing “Course of Study in Elementary Science” (1947) with “Course of Study in Elementary Science, Spokane Public Schools” (1943) written by V.T. Edmiston revealed that the educational contents from the 1st grade to the 3rd grade in the former writing were quoted from the basic science concepts of the latter writing. (4) It appears that G. Oka made use of the foreign books provided by the officials at the CIE when he compiled “Course of Study in Elementary Science” (1947) and “Objectives of Understandings” (1947).
journal title
Bulletin of the Graduate School of Education, Hiroshima University. Part 1, Learning and curriculum development
issue
Issue 65
start page
53
end page
62
date of issued
2016-12-22
publisher
広島大学大学院教育学研究科
issn
1346-5546
ncid
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
department
Graduate School of Education
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