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ID 30351
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title alternative
The influence of various types of other presence on anxiety responses
creator
Kurokawa, Masaru
Yokoyama, Hiroshi
Seiwa, Hidetoshi
NDC
Psychology
abstract
The purpose of this study was to explore the influence of varied types of other-presence on experimentally induced anxiety responses. Thirty-six female subjects were randomly assigned into the four experimental groups varied in two conditions of their relationships. These groups were named, respectively, Friend/Co-Active (FC), Friend/Audience (FA), Stranger/Co-Active (SC), and Stranger/Audience (SA). Subjects in Co-Active condition were connected in a series circuit and would receive an electrical shock in together. After the collection of subjective ratings for affiliation, anticipatory arousal was measured directly by physiological and subjective indices while waiting for the onset of electrical shock during one minute. The results were as follows; (1) In arousal level, SA was the highest, and FC was the lowest of the four experimental groups. (2) The Stranger conditions (SC, SA) were higher than the Friend conditions (FC, FA) in both physiological and subjective indices of anxiety responses. (3) The arousal level of SC was almost the same as that of FA. This implied that the Co-Active condition might heighten the intimacy of mutual relationship even if they were strangers to each other.
journal title
Memoirs of the Faculty of Integrated Arts and Sciences. III, Studies in information and behavior sciences
volume
Volume 11
start page
23
end page
32
date of issued
1988-02-29
publisher
広島大学総合科学部
issn
0385-1478
ncid
SelfDOI
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
rights
Copyright (c) 1987 by Faculty of Integrated Arts and Sciences, Hiroshima University. All rights reserved.
department
Graduate School of Integrated Arts and Sciences
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