Strela-1, the First Soviet computer: Political success and technological failure
IEEEAnnHisCom_28_18.pdf 1.54 MB
The former Soviet Union
he USSR Academy of Sciences
Mikhail A. Lavrentev
Nikolai G. Bruevich
Which computer was developed first in the Soviet Union? Which one was first successful? Such questions are difficult to answer, but recently declassified archival material may hold the key. The story of the Strela illustrates how competing interests—as institutions and factions jockeyed to gain political advantage-helped determine the fate of this computer, a political success but a technological failure.
IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
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Graduate School of Integrated Arts and Sciences