このエントリーをはてなブックマークに追加
ID 30255
file
title alternative
What are encouraged for young children to maintain verbal communications? : The analysis of the effective social initiations and responses to them beyond first grader's problems.
creator
Fujiwara, Naoki
subject
Verbal interaction
preschool children
first grader's problems
social initiations
responses
言語コミュニケーション
幼児
小一プロブレム
働きかけ
反応
NDC
Education
abstract
Recently, adaptations of the first graders are one of the big problems in education. The problems are called 'first graders' problems. This research aimed to prove what types of social initiations of verbal conversation are related with maintaining communication or what types of responses to them are related with ones in order to identify the effective communication. We observed the communication of ten young children for ten minutes when they were playing with their friends at playground in their preschool. We classify the social initiations and response to them according to Haliday (1985), Fukada et al. (1999) and Okamura and Sugiyama (2007). Additionally, we added a new category, 'non verbal initiation'. The results as follows; there are not gender differences in the function of verbal interaction. The most frequent social initiation is request; however, the most effective social initiation to maintain verbal interaction is non verbal initiation. On the other hand, the most effective response to maintain it is accompanying response. From these results we suggested some strategies for teachers, for example using non verbal social initiation and responses which lead other responses to make them develop their communication abilities for the first graders.
journal title
Journal of Learning Science
issue
Issue 3
start page
77
end page
82
date of issued
2010-03-31
publisher
広島大学大学院教育学研究科学習開発学講座
issn
1883-8200
ncid
SelfDOI
language
jpn
nii type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
HU type
Departmental Bulletin Papers
DCMI type
text
format
application/pdf
text version
publisher
rights
Copyright (c) 2010 広島大学大学院教育学研究科学習開発学講座
department
Graduate School of Education
他の一覧