Hiroshima Peace Science Volume 16
1993 発行

1993年広島・長崎「平和宣言」の一考察 : 広島大学学生311名の意識調査結果をとおして

A study on differences between Hiroshima and Nagasaki as seen through questionnaires, concerning 'Peace Declarations' delivered in 1993 : For 311 members of Hiroshima University students.
Kobayashi, Fumio
Hashimoto, Manabu
Shibata, Iwao
The purpose of this paper is to verify differences of the 'Peace Declarations' delivered in Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1993. Needless to say, both these 'Declarations' appealed the total abolition of nuclear weapons and complete disarmament in the earth. But, in practice, there were so many differences of content between them. The authors sent out questionnaires for 311 members of Hiroshima university students. The question is 'As to the 'Peace Declarations' made in Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1993. Which 'Declaration' do you feel sympathy for Hiroshima's or Nagasaki's ? And give your reasons for choosing it'. As a result, Nagasaki 'Peace Declaration' proved to have far higher opinions of the subjects than Hiroshima. The main reasons are as follows: (1) It was easier to understand 'Peace Declaration' of Nagasaki than of Hiroshima. (2) Hitoshi Motoshirna, the Mayor of Nagasaki,admitted that Japan had aggressed the Asian countries from 1910 to 1945, showed more friendly attitude to these countries than Takashi Hiraoka, the Mayor of Hiroshima. Nagasaki 'Peace Declarations' have had higher opinions than Hiroshima since the authors began this investigation on 1990. However, the 'Declaration' of Nagasaki in 1993 have more faults than the past 3 years beyond doubt. Because the support rate against it have come down than before. The faults are as follows: (1) The Nagasaki 'Declaration' never mentioned 'PKO' (Peace Keeping Operation) which Japan come up against now. (2) The Nagasaki 'Declaration' didn't definite the concreate compensation and assistance to non-Japanese victims of Atomic Bomb.