Hiroshima Peace Science Volume 11
1988 発行

Koji Ariyoshi : A Japanese-American's role in China during the second world war and the Chinese revolution

Kobayashi, Fumio
Wiig, Lawrence M.
This paper deals with the life of Koji Ariyoshi, an American of Japanese ancestry who was a specialist in psychological warfare assigned to the US Army's Dixie Mission, an observer group based at the headquarters of the Chinese Communist Party in Yanan during the years 1944-1946. As part of his work Ariyoshi traveled back and forth on US military aircraft between Yanan and Chongqing, Chiang Kai-shek's capital and the center of American military and diplomatic activity in China during the mid-1940s. Ariyoshi, a trained journalist with a labor union background, wrote numerous essays and reports which compared Nationalist China, on a speedy decline into corruption, injustice, and decay, to the new China being born in Yanan under the leadership of Mao Ze-dong and Zhou En-lai. Ariyoshi's experiences during those crucial years turned him into a lifelong supporter and admirer of the People's Republic of China. During the last years of his life in the 1970s, he became a leader in the movement to have the USA recognize the PRC.