Both the Modern Language Centre at the University of Toronto's Ontario Institute for Studies in Education (OISE/UT), and the English Language Center at Michigan State University, are acknowledged as being among the best centers for applied linguistics research and education in the world. The Modern Language Centre has published important findings in the areas of second language acquisition, psycholinguistics, sociolinguistics and language curricula. Meanwhile, the English Language Center has contributed to improvements in foreign language teaching practices, in addition to providing successful English programs for non-native speakers. In order to improve the quality of Hiroshima University's new Institute for Foreign Language Research and Education, the writers went on a two-week fact-finding mission to the University of Toronto and Michigan State University in September, 1997. The researchers conducted many hours of interviews with faculty members, videotaped lessons, talked to graduate students and ESL students, and tried to ascertain what aspects of those programs should be adopted by Hiroshima University. The results are reported here.