In the 1980s, the Japanese government pursued a policy of internationalization to make an educational (and ultimately financial) contribution to the rest of the world. The decision reflected the government's willingness to take advantage of an opportunity to join the international economic community following a period of rapid growth. As Japan moved toward internationalization, it struggled with issues associated with integrating ethnically diverse populations into the mainstream. As a result of these failed efforts, today there is a lack of programs specifically designed to promote the benefits of diversity in educational institutions. Unclear and hastily established policies established by the central Japanese government have resulted in many problems. Issues associated with promoting diversity are the focus of this report.