学習システム研究 Issue 5
2017-03-31 発行

日本における多文化教育の論争点と課題 : 複アイデンティティ形成に焦点を当てて

The issues and problems of multi-cultural education in Japan : Focus on formation of pluri-identities
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abstract
This paper aims to clarify the current situation of multicultural education in Japan, based on analysis of typical teaching practices in the area related to education for international understanding in Japan, and to identify debates and arising issues. It has clarified the specific characteristics of each form of education. In particular, it focused on differences between each type of education in terms of the way each type addresses culture and identity.

The starting point of the area related to education for international understanding in Japan was education for international understanding, which developed into global education, intercultural education and multicultural education, with a feature of this development being its diversity. In particular, as represented in multicultural education, the focus is on cultural diversity in society, along with plurality of cultural elements, and it can be understood that the 2 aspects of diversity and plurality are important. What is more, research has developed to the point of demonstrating the effects of this cultural plurality on individuals’ inner selves. Our complexity as individuals whose inner beings are influenced by culture leads to the formation of identity plurality (pluri-identities) through the compounding of cultures and people, exposing the diverse selves within the self and the identities of those selves, and leading to tension and conflict that need to be managed. The issue of how education related to education for international understanding addresses these problems is an important contemporary issue to be discussed.
description
本論文は,Theory and Research for Developing Learning Systems ,Vol.3 所収の英語論文“The Issues and Problems of Multi-Cultural Education in Japan”pp.27-41 の日本語訳論文である。
subject
国際理解教育
グローバル教育
異文化教育
文化とアイデンティティ
複合性
Education for International Understanding
Global Education
Intercultural Education
Culture and Identity
Plurality
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