学習システム研究 Issue 5
2017-03-31 発行

小学校における初任家庭科教員が直面する困難克服プロセスの検討

The process of overcoming difficulties faced by novice home economics teachers in elementary schools
Nishimura, Yuka
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abstract
The purposes of this paper is to ascertain the difficulties faced by novice home economics teachers in elementary schools and the process for overcoming those difficulties. Our methodology uses the Trajectory Equifinality Model (TEM) to analyze interviews conducted with three newly hired home economics teachers at a public elementary school in H City in school year 2014.

When they first assumed their posts, the three teachers had not been uncomfortable teaching classes in home economics, but after gaining the support of other teachers, they reached the point where they were eager to teach home economics classes the following year based on what they learned during their first year. The teachers experienced various challenges during that time. Teacher A had problems mainly with practice classes; Teacher B had problems mainly with how to deal with the students; and Teacher C had problems with practice classes, lecture-type classes, and developing relationships with the students. Although the difficulties experienced by the three novice home economics teachers differed depending on their attitude toward home economics and conditions in the workplace, ways to overcome these difficulties consisted of the following three points: the building of a support system for discussions about home economics; the building of a system to facilitate a better understanding of students’s actual lives; and the creation of a system that encourage participation in training.
subject
小学校
初任教員
家庭科専科教員
困難克服プロセス
複線経路・等至性モデル
Elementary School
Novice Teachers
Home Economics Teachers
Process of Overcoming Difficulties
Trajectory Equifinality Model
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