学習システム研究 Issue 1
2015-03-31 発行

大学院生の学習システムとしてのGTAの体系とその意義 : クリス・パーク論文が教育学研究者・教師教育者の育成に示唆するもの

Graduate Teaching Assistant Work as a Learning System and its Significance : The Lessons of Chris Park’s Article for Pedagogy Researchers and Teacher Educators
Watanabe, Takumi
Osaka, Yu
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abstract
This study aims to elucidate (1)the setbacks graduate students face as Graduate Teaching Assistants (GTAs), (2)the mechanisms through which overcoming these setbacks is possible, and (3)the meaning of the GTA experience, particularly for graduate students specializing in subject education. To answer these questions, we consider Chris Park’s article “The Graduate Teaching Assistant (GTA): Lessons from North American Experience.” This study was introduced by Sherry Field when she took the podium at the RIDLS lecture meeting as a beneficial reference that provides an overview of North American trends in GTA research. Indeed, it is a comprehensive review that has been quoted and consulted by many previous studies. Thus, for this study we decided to approach the above questions by reviewing Park’s article. The following three points became clear from this analysis. First, as GTAs, graduate students tend to suffer setbacks in terms of constructing relationships with others, allocating time between research and education, inadequate knowledge and experience, and demonstrating an open attitude toward diverse ideas that differ from their own. Second, it is none other than the GTA system itself that can overcome difficulties GTAs face. A GTA program for this purpose must offer opportunities for legitimate peripheral participation in a community of researchers and educators. Furthermore, there is need for coherent selection and preparation, training, and supervision and mentoring mechanisms. Third, the GTA experience is an opportunity for heightening not only capacities and abilities as educators (teacher trainers), but capacities as researchers and educators (teachers in training). For graduate students specializing in subject education (one in which the methodologies of educators and researchers are closely connected), learning as a GTA can be expected to be effective.
description
本論文は,Theory and Research for Developing Learning Systems, Vol.1 所収の英語論文 “Graduate Teaching Assistant Work as a Learning System and its Significance” の日本語訳論文である。
subject
大学院生の学習
Graduate Teaching Assistant (GTA)
教科教育
教育学研究者
教師教育者
Learning of Graduate Students
Curriculum and Instruction
Pedagogy Researchers
Teacher Educators
rights
Copyright (c) 2015 学習システム促進研究センター