Bulletin of general health research, Hiroshima University Health Service Center Volume 34
2018-03-01 発行

レジリエンスの視点から自閉症スペクトラム特性を持つ学生の支援を考える

Considering the support of university students with autistic spectrum characteristics from point of view of resilience
Kagawa, Fumi
Yashiki, Hisako
Ikeda, Tatsuya
Nihonmatsu, Misato
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abstract
Resilience means resistance to high-risk environmental factors or overcoming stress and adversity. We interpreted resilience as a defense against the onset of the comorbidity of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), or recovery to adaptation, and examined it. The subjects were 74 university students with characteristics of ASD (43 men and 31 women) who visited our center from April 2015 to October 2017. We examined such factors as the subjects’ comorbidities, presence or absence at school due to truancy or other short absences, troubles experienced, and resilience factors, which included support by parents, teachers, and friends, acceptance of disabilities, having a hobby, and the desire for a relationship. Students who did not have the support of friends experienced significantly more troubles, and students who were serious or who did not have a hobby had significantly more school absences. Key points in dealing with such students appear to be to support reinforcement of resilience, to arrange a support environment (especially friends), and to recommend hobbies, club activities, and part-time jobs.
subject
自閉症スペクトラム
レジリエンス
大学生
支援
autism spectrum disorder
resilience
university students
support
rights
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