The mergers of cites and towns were carried out through 2000s in Japan and the reform of local public finance followed them. The number of municipalities decreased almost by half from FY2002 to FY2009. The mergers and reform have influenced the structure of revenue and expenditure of municipalities. This paper intends to inspect the change and characteristics in the local public finance between FY2002 and FY2009.
We rearranged 3,212 municipalities before mergers into 1,727 after that. These consist of merger experienced municipalities or not. We tested the statistically significant difference between the merger experienced groups or not while keeping eyes on the scale and industrial structure of municipalities. We could point out such facts as; 1) the merger were accelerated in the municipalities where suffer from depopulation and have financially difficulties, 2) the merger experienced groups depend upon local allocation tax, national treasury disbursement and municipal bonds, 3) they are inclined to expend more money on personnel cost, supplies and outsourcing expense, and public works, 4) they are accumulating debt.