This research focuses on the factors that promote independent development of vocational capabilities from a social cognitive perspective. Specifically, individual, semi-structured interviews were conducted with twenty-two temporarily-employed instructors who developed vocational capabilities in the past. Subsequently, the collected data was analyzed qualitatively focusing on how the research participants had obtained necessary skills. In addition, it is possible to propose a policy based on the following research findings:
1) Self-efficacy was a factor that promoted independent development of vocational capabilities.
2) Self-efficacy was acquired and modified via four primary sources of information or types of learning experience. These were defined by Bandura (1986) as (1) personal performance accomplishments; (2) vicarious learning; (3) social persuasion; and, (4) physiological and affective states.
3) Research participants had information networks that allowed exchange beyond the boundaries of the work place. The network was a factor that promoted independent development of vocational capabilities.
4) Research participants were affected by the digitization of information that occurred around 1995. The parallel interplay of this socioeconomic factor with the development of cognitive capabilities was a factor in the promotion of the independent development of vocational capabilities.